Overview:- Eating a healthy diet and staying physically active is very important for people diagnosed with cancer during and after cancer treatment. Cancer is the uncontrolled germination of abnormal cells in the body. Cancer develops when the body’s normal control system stops functioning. Older cells do not die and instead go out of control, creating new, abnormal cells. These excess cells can grow a mass of tissue, called a tumor. Some cancers, like leukemia, do not form tumors.
What are cancer cells and normal cells?
Cancer cells differ from normal cells in many ways that allow them to grow out of control and become aggressive. An important difference is that cancer cells are less specific than normal cells. That is, while normal cells mature into very different cell types with specific functions, cancer cells do not. This is one reason why, unlike normal cells, cancer cells continue to divide non-stop.
In addition, cancer cells are able to ignore signals that usually ask cells to stop dividing or that initiate a process called programmed cell death, or apoptosis, which the body uses to get rid of unnecessary cells. Does to get. Cancer cells may be able to affect normal cells, molecules, and blood vessels that surround and feed a tumor – a region known as the microenvironment. For example, cancer cells can induce nearby normal cells to form blood cells that supply tumors with the oxygen and nutrients they need to grow. These blood vessels also eliminate waste products from the tumor.
Cancer cells are also often able to develop a network of immune systems, organs, tissues, and specialized cells that protect the body from infection and other conditions. Although the immune system usually removes damaged or abnormal cells from the body, some cancer cells are able to “hide” from the immune system. The tumor can also use the immune system to survive and grow. For example, with the help of some immune system cells that normally inhibit a fugitive immune response, cancer cells can actually maintain the immune system by killing cancer cells.
Types of cancer
|Pancreatic Cancer, Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor (NET), Penile Cancer, Pituitary Tumors, Prostate Cancer, Retinoblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Salivary Gland Cancer, Skin Cancer, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Small Intestine Cancer, Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Stomach Cancer, Testicular Cancer, Thymus Cancer, Thyroid Cancer, Uterine Sarcoma, Vaginal Cancer, Vulvar Cancer, Basal and Squamous Cell Skin Cancer, Bile Duct Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Bone Cancer, Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults, Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Children, Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer in Men, Waldenstrom, Macroglobulinemia, Wilms Tumor, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) in Adult, Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in Adults, Adrenal Cancer, Anal Cancer, Cancer in Adolescents, Cancer in Children, Endometrial Cancer, Esophagus Cancer, Ewing Family of Tumors, Eye Cancer (Ocular Melanoma), Cancer in Young Adults, Cancer of Unknown Primary, Castleman Disease, Cervical Cancer, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML), Kaposi Sarcoma, Kidney Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Gallbladder Cancer, Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine (Carcinoid), Tumors, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST), Gestational Trophoblastic Disease, Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer, Leukemia, Leukemia in Children, Liver Cancer, Lung Cancer, Lung Carcinoid Tumor, Lymphoma, Lymphoma of the Skin, Malignant Mesothelioma, Melanoma Skin Cancer, Merkel Cell Skin Cancer, Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer, Osteosarcoma, Ovarian Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses Cancer, Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Neuroblastoma, Hodgkin Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children.|
Nutrition is important before, during and after treatment
The nutritional needs of people with cancer differ between individuals. You are encouraged to talk to your doctor, dietician or nurse to understand your specific nutritional needs and plan how to meet them. If you have questions about any of the points in this guide, you can also ask your healthcare professional to help provide a more detailed description. Good nutrition during treatment can help patients to:-
- Feel better;
- Maintain their strength and energy;
- Maintain body reserves of weight and nutrients;
- Better tolerate treatment-related side effects;
- Reduce the risk of infection;
- Heal and recover fast.
Eating rightly signifies eating a variety of foods to get the nutrients your body needs to fight cancer. These nutrients include protein, fat, carbohydrates, water, vitamins, and minerals.
The body needs protein for growth, repair of body tissues, and to keep our immune system healthy. When your body does not get enough protein, it can break the muscle for the fuel it needs. It takes longer to recover from the disease and may reduce resistance to infection. People with cancer often require more protein than normal. Following surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, additional proteins are usually needed to help the tissues recover and fight infection. Good sources of protein include fish, poultry, lean red meat, eggs, low-fat dairy products, nuts and nut butter, dried beans, peas and lentils, and soy foods.
Carbohydrate is the main source of energy. Carbohydrates give the body the necessary fuel for physical activity and proper organ function. The best sources of carbohydrates – fruits, vegetables, and whole grains – also supply essential vitamins and minerals, fiber, and phytonutrients to the body’s cells. (Phytonutrients are chemicals in plant-based foods that we do not need to live, but can promote health.) Fiber is a part of plant foods that the body cannot digest. There are 2 types of fibers. Insoluble fiber helps the food waste get out of the body quickly, and the soluble fiber binds with water to the stool to help keep the stool soft. Other sources of carbohydrates include bread, potatoes, rice, spaghetti, pasta, grains, corn, peas, and beans. Sweets (sweets, candies, and drinks with sugar) can supply carbohydrates, but provide little in the way of vitamins, minerals, or phytonutrients.
It plays an important role in nutrition. Fats and oils serve as a rich root of energy for the body. The body breaks down fats and uses them to store energy, insulate body tissues, and transport certain types of vitamins
[1,2]through the blood. You may have heard that some fats are better for you than others. When considering the effect of fat on your heart and cholesterol levels, choose monounsaturated (olive, canola, and peanut oils) and polyunsaturated fats (these are mainly used in safflower, sunflower, corn, corn and linseed oil and seafood Are found) more often than saturated fat or trans fat.
Saturated fats are found mainly in animal sources such as meat and poultry, whole or low-fat milk, cheese, and butter. Some vegetable oils such as coconut, palm kernel oil, and palm oil are saturated. Saturated fat can increase cholesterol and increase your risk of heart disease. Less than 10% of your calories should get from saturated fat. Sources of trans fats include snack food and baked goods with partially hydrogenated vegetable oil or vegetable shortening. Trans fats are also found naturally in some animal products, such as dairy products. Avoid trans fats as much as possible, it can raise bad cholesterol and lower good cholesterol.
VITAMINS AND MINERALS
Your body needs vitamins and minerals so that it can function properly and use energy (calories) in food. Found naturally in most foods, but they are also sold as a pill and liquid supplement. If you eat a well-balanced diet with adequate calories and protein, you will usually get plenty of vitamins and minerals. But when you are being treated for cancer, eating a balanced diet can be difficult, especially if you have side effects of treatment. If you have side effects, your doctor or dietitian may suggest a daily multivitamin and mineral supplement. If your food intake is limited for several weeks or months due to the effect of the treatment, be sure to tell your doctor. You may need to check for vitamin or mineral deficiencies.
If you are thinking of taking a supplement, be sure to discuss this with your doctor first. Some people with cancer take large amounts of vitamins, minerals, and other dietary supplements to boost their immune system or even try to destroy cancer cells. But some of these substances can be toxic, especially when taken in high doses. In fact, high doses of unusual vitamins and minerals may make chemotherapy and radiation therapy less effective. If your doctor says it is okay for you to take vitamins during treatment, it may be best to choose supplements that are higher than 100% of the daily value (DV) of vitamins and minerals and without iron (unless your doctor You don’t want iron).
Antioxidants constitute vitamin-A, vitamin-C, and vitamin-E, Selenium, and zinc; And some enzymes that digest and attach free radicals (destructive molecules) stop them from attacking normal cells. If you want to take more antioxidants, health experts recommend eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, which are good sources of antioxidants. It is generally not recommended to take antioxidant supplements or large doses of vitamin-enhanced foods or liquids while receiving chemo or radiation therapy. Talk to your doctor to find out the best time to take antioxidant supplements.
Water and fluids or liquids are important for health. All body cells require water to function. If you do not take enough fluid or if you lose fluid through vomiting or diarrhea, you may become dehydrated (your body does not have as much fluid as it should). If this happens, the fluids and minerals that help your body function may be dangerously out of balance. You get water from the foods you eat, but a person should drink about eight 8 ounces of liquid each day to ensure that all the cells in the body get the fluid they need. If you are vomiting, having diarrhea, or even if you are not eating much, you may need extra fluids. Keep in mind that all liquids (soup, milk, even ice cream, and gelatin) count towards your fluid goals.
Phytonutrients or phytochemicals are plant compounds such as carotenoids, lycopene, resveratrol, and phytosterols, which are believed to have health-protecting properties. They are found in plants such as fruits and vegetables, or things made from plants such as tofu or tea. Phytochemicals are best taken in eating foods that contain them rather than taking supplements or pills.
Herbs have been used to treat the disease for hundreds of years, with mixed results. Today, herbs are found in many products, such as tablets, liquid extracts, tea, and ointments. Many of these products are harmless and safe to use but can cause other harmful side effects. Anything proven can interfere with cancer treatment and recovery from surgery. If you are interested in using herbal products, talk to your oncologist or nurse first.
What Side Effects, from Treatment, Can Lead to Eating Problems?
Cancer treatment is designed to kill cancer cells. But these treatments can also damage healthy cells. Harm to healthy cells can cause side effects that affect eating problems. Some people have a loss of appetite or nausea because they are stressed about cancer and treatment. But once people identify what to require, they usually feel better. Common eating problems during cancer treatment include:-
- Loss of appetite
- Changes in taste or sense of smell
- Dry mouth
- Lactose intolerance
- Mouth ulcers
- Sore throat and trouble swallowing
- weight gain
- Weight loss
WHAT TO EAT?
|Spinach, Cucumber, Onion, Tomato, Celery, Carrots, Beet Roots, Lemon, Ginger, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Green & Red Bell pepper, Wheatgrass, Kale, Sweet Potato, Apple, Red Grapes, Strawberries, Blueberries, Oranges, Walnuts, Almonds, Chia Seeds, Flax Seeds, Lentils, Chickpeas, Kidney Beans, Eggs, Green Tea, Alkaline Water/Coconut Water, Cow Milk.|
WHAT TO AVOID?
|Substituting animal proteins under high heat since deep-fried, grilled, barbecue, baked meat forms carcinogenic byproducts called heterocyclic amines;|
|Excess intake of salt, sugar and oily foods;|
|Bacon, ham, sausages such as red meat and processed meat;|
|Preserved foods such as pickles, jams, salted mustard greens, and century eggs, which contain nitrites, are carcinogenic;|
|Minimize alcohol consumption;|
|White rice, white bread, white pasta;|
|Juices, candies, cakes, cookies, tikkis, samosas, Indian sweets, samosas, pani puris, etc;|
|Avoid bad oil, refined oil. Use olive oil instead.|
|Apple (red or green)||½|
|Spinach (or Kale)||1 cup|
(A) AVAILABLE INGREDIENTS
|CUCUMBER:- Lignans and Cucurbitacins (Phytonutrients)|
|SPINACH:- Lutein, Zeaxanthin & Carotenoids (Which remove free radicals)|
|CELERY:- Apigenin (It is a phytochemical compound which helps cancer cells to suicide)|
|APPLE:- Flavonoids (It kills the free radicals)|
(B) AVAILABLE INGREDIENTS
|CARROTS:- Carotenoids (Remove Free radicals), Flavonoids (It kills the free radicals)|
|BEETROOTS:- Riched in Iron (It protects our cells/regenerate red blood cells/supply more oxygen in the cells)|
|ORANGE OR LEMON:- Aid to Digestion/Reduce Stress & Anxiety|
|GINGER:- It is an anti-inflammatory reduces the inflammation|
|Chia Seeds||1 spoon|
(C) AVAILABLE INGREDIENTS
|STRAWBERRIES:- Phenol & Flavonoids (Powerful antioxidant for tumor self-destructive).|
|BLUEBERRIES:- Phenol Antioxidant (Protect DNA from oxidative stress every day).|
|CHIA SEEDS & FLAXSEEDS:- High Lignans. The oil present in the seeds reduce Tumor growth.|
|Walnuts or Almonds||28g|
|Green tea or Black tea||1 bag|
(D) AVAILABLE INGREDIENTS
|WALMUTS/ALMONDS:- Polyphenol & Flavonoids (Powerful antioxidant for tumor self-destructive)|
|GREEN TEA/BLACK TEA:- EGCG – Epi Gallo Catechin Gallate (It stops cancer cells to grow)|
(E) AVAILABLE INGREDIENTS
|WHEATGRASS:- Alkaline Food, It has selenium & B17, Contain SOD – Super Oxide Dismutase, Extremely concentrated form of Chlorophyll, Increases red blood cells.|
|Legumes Beans, Lentil and Chickpeas||½ cup each|
(F) AVAILABLE INGREDIENTS
|LEGUMES BEANS/LENTIL/CHICKPEAS/BLACK CHANNE/SOYBEANS/BLACK BEANS:- Saponins (Slows the growth of Tumor), Protease (Slows the division of cancer cells), Phytic Acid (Slows the growth of Tumor).|
|BROCCOLI/CAULIFLOWER/CABBAGE:- Sulporaphan Compound (It protects the surrounding healthy cells).|
|TOMATO:- High in Lycopene (It is an antioxidant that protects DNA in your cells that can lead to tumor).|
|ONION:- Quercetin & Anthocyanin (synthesis which lowers the Tumor growth).|
KEYNOTE:-(A) Eat mixed fruit bowl a few times a week in replacement of Juice.
(B) Drink Green tea a few times a week.
(C) Drink Tulsi Tea (Basil) a few times a week.
(D) Eat Indian style green beans, okra, green bell pepper, green peas, etc once a week.
(E) Drink Alkaline water, avoid tap water.
Physical activities to control and prevention of this disease
|Using a manual wheelchair;|
|Biking at the ground level or along some hills;|
|Ballroom or Row Dance;|
|General gardening (raking or trimming shrubs);|
|Sports where you can catch and throw (softball, volleyball).|
|Biking faster than 10 miles per hour;|
|Heavy gardening (digging, hoeing);|
|Race walking, jogging, or running;|
|Sports with a lot of running (basketball, hockey, soccer);|
|Swimming fast or swimming laps;|
Many tumor survivors feel they feel better if they incorporate healthy behavior into their daily routine. Including the right foods and some exercises for your health needs that relate to your recovery needs can improve how you feel. It can also reduce risk and other major health problems. Ask your healthcare team about your specific risk factors so that you know what you should avoid.