Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms

Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms
Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms
Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms

Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms:- Osteoporosis is a bone unwellness that happens once the body loses an excessive amount of bone, makes deficient bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and should break from a fall or, in serious cases, from symptom or minor bumps.

Osteoporosis suggests that “porous bone.” Viewed below a magnifier, healthy bone seems like a honeycomb. Once osteoporosis happens, the holes and areas within the honeycomb are a lot larger than in healthy bone.

As bones decrease dense, they weaken and are a lot of possible to interrupt. If you’re fifty or older and have broken a bone, raise your doctor or care supplier a few bone density check.

Osteoporosis is severe

  • Breaking a bone could be a serious complication of osteoporosis, particularly with older patients. Osteoporotic bone breaks are presumably to occur within the hip, spine or wrist joint, however different bones will break too. Additionally, to inflicting permanent pain, osteoporosis causes some patients to lose height. Once osteoporosis affects vertebrae or the bones of the spine, it typically results in a hunched or stooped posture.
  • Osteoporosis might limit mobility, which regularly results in feelings of isolation or depression. To boot, 20% of seniors who break a hip die among one year from either complication associated with the broken bone itself or the surgery to repair it. Several patients need long institution care.
  • Osteoporosis is commonly referred to as a silent sickness as a result of one can’t feel bones weakening. Breaking a bone is commonly the primary sign of osteoporosis or a patient might notice that he or she is obtaining shorter or their higher back is incurved forward. If you’re experiencing height loss or your spine is incurved, make certain to consult your doctor or attention skilled directly.

Osteoporosis symptoms: Diseases, Conditions, and Medical Procedures

There are several health issues and a number of medical procedures that increase the chance of osteoporosis. If you have got any of the subsequent diseases or conditions, discuss with your doctor or health care supplier regarding what you’ll be able to do to stay your bones healthy.

Autoimmune Disorders

  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Lupus
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis

Digestive and Gastrointestinal Disorders

  • Celiac disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Weight loss surgery

Medical Procedures

  • Gastrectomy
  • Gastrointestinal bypass procedures

Cancer

  • Breast cancer
  • Prostate cancer

Hematologic/Blood Disorders

  • Leukemia and lymphoma
  • Multiple myelomas
  • Sickle cell disease

Neurological/Nervous System Disorders

  • Stroke
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Spinal cord injuries

Blood and bone marrow disorders

  • Thalassemia

Mental Illness

  • Depression
  • Eating disorders

Endocrine/Hormonal Disorders

  • Diabetes
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Thyrotoxicosis
  • Irregular periods
  • Premature menopause
  • Low levels of testosterone and estrogen in men

Other Diseases and Conditions

  • AIDS/HIV
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including emphysema
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Liver disease, including biliary cirrhosis
  • Organ transplants
  • Polio and post-polio syndrome
  • Poor diet, including malnutrition
  • Scoliosis
  • Weight loss

Note:– This list might not embrace all of the diseases and conditions that will cause bone loss. Talk to your doctor and raise if any of the conditions you’ve got is also inflicting bone loss.

Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms
Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms

Osteoporosis symptoms are out of your control, including:

Unchangeable risks

  • Women develop much more likely to osteoporosis than are men
  • He older you get, the greater your risk of osteoporosis
  • You have a higher risk of having parents or siblings with osteoporosis, especially those whose parents have a hip fracture

Hormone levels

  • Lowered sex hormone levels tend to weaken bone.
  • A decrease in estrogen levels in women at the time of menopause is one of the strongest risk factors for developing osteoporosis.
  • Having too much thyroid hormone can cause bone loss.
  • This can happen when your thyroid is hyperactive or if you take thyroid hormone medication to a treat the thyroid.
  • Osteoporosis also associated with overactive parathyroid and adrenal glands.

Osteoporosis: treatment

Certain alterations to lifestyle can reduce the risk of osteoporosis Dietary sources include:

  • dairy foods (milk, yogurt, and cheese),
  • green leafy (kale and broccoli) vegetables,
  • fish (tinned salmon and tuna) with soft bones,
  • fortified breakfast cereals

Most vitamin D does not come by food but from sun exposure, so doctors recommend moderate, regular exposure to sunlight.

Aged 19 years and above should consume 1,000 mg of calcium per day.  Over 51 years of age of women and all adults from 71 years onward should have a daily intake of 1,200 mg.

Other ways to minimize the risk are:

  • avoiding smoking, as this can reduce the growth of new bone and decrease estrogen levels in women
  • Limit your alcohol intake to encourage healthy bones and prevent falls.
  • get your regular weight-bearing exercise, such as walking, as this promotes healthy bones and strengthens their support from muscles
  • Do yoga or exercise to promote flexibility and balance, reducing the risk of falls and fractures.

For people that have already got osteoporosis, nutrition, exercise, and fall interference techniques play a key role in reducing the danger of fracture and also the rate of bone loss.

Do diagnosis for Osteoporosis

Bone density scanning uses a type of X-ray known as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).

DEXA can indicate the risk of osteoporotic fractures. It can also help monitor a person’s response to treatment.

Two types of devices can carry out a DEXA scan:

  • Central device: A hospital-based scan which measures hip and spine bone mineral density while the people lies on a table.
  • Peripheral device: A mobile machine which tests bone in the wrist, heel, or finger.

DEXA test results

Doctors provide the results of the check as a DEXA T score or a Z score.

The T score compares a person’s bone mass with the height bone mass of a younger person.

  • -1.0 or above shows good bone strength
  • from -1.1 to -2.4 suggests osteopenia (mild bone loss)
  • -2.5 or below indicates osteoporosis
  • The Z score compares the bone mass with that of other people of a similar build and age.

A doctor can usually repeat the check every two years as this enables them to check results.

Other tests

An ultrasound scan of the heel bone is another technique that doctors use for assessing osteoporosis, and that they will carry it enter the first care setting. It is less common than DEXA, and therefore the doctors cannot compare the measurements against DEXA T scores.

The following medicines may cause bone loss:

  • Aluminum-containing antacids
  • Antiseizure medicines (only some) such as Dilantin® or Phenobarbital
  • Aromatase inhibitors such as Arimidex®, Aromasin®, and Femara®
  • Cancer chemotherapeutic drugs
  • Cyclosporine A and FK506 (Tacrolimus)
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) like Lupron® and Zoladex®
  • Heparin
  • Lithium
  • Medroxyprogesterone acetate for contraception (Depo-Provera®)
  • Methotrexate
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) like Nexium®, Prevacid®, and Prilosec®
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as Lexapro®, Prozac®, and Zoloft®
  • Steroids (glucocorticoids) such as cortisone and prednisone
  • Tamoxifen® (premenopausal use)
  • Thiazolidinediones such as Actos® and Avandia®
  • Thyroid hormones in excess

Note: This list might not embrace all medicines that will cause bone loss.

Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms

2 thoughts on “Osteoporosis: treatment and symptoms

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